The best way to get tested for pulmonary TB is by getting the sputum examined. The TB-causing germs can be seen through a microscope. At least two samples of sputum should be examined for accurate diagnosis.

The examination is available at public health facilities, often within easy reach of the patients. In the facility, the health-care provider may ask the person suspected of TB to collect two sputum samples and explain how to produce and collect them. It is important to carefully follow what the health-care provider advises to make sure the diagnosis is correct.

The health-care provider may also advise a chest X-ray if the patient is suspected of having symptoms of TB and if TB germs are not seen through the sputum examination.